Companion planting is working with nature. It is a natural way to encourage healthy plant growth, ward of pests and diseases, improve flavor, and maximize space in your garden at the same time. Today we’re looking at sweet potato companion plants.
Which plants grow well with sweet potatoes, and which ones don’t?
About the Sweet Potato
The sweet potato, or ipomoea batatas, is a tuberous root vegetable belonging to the Morning Glory family, Convolvulaceae, genus Ipomoea. It is a starchy vegetable with a sweet taste that is eaten in warm places throughout the world.
Sweet potatoes are commonly assumed to be related to other types of potatoes in the Solanum tuberosum family, part of the Nightshades. However, they are actually related to the Morning Glory family in the Ipomoea family.
In some areas of the world, the sweet potato is also known by the name yam, but this is a misnomer as the yam is a completely separate tuber in the Dioscoreaceae (yam) family, genus Dioscorea.
In this article, we will be talking about the sweet potato, Ipomoea batatas, and sweet potato companion plants.
Growing the Sweet Potato
The sweet potato is a staple crop native to Central and South America. It made its journey to Polynesia via the Hawaiian Islands almost 500 years before Christopher Columbus landed in the Americas.
Since it is a tropical crop, sweet potatoes grow well in warm weather and prefer rich warm soil. Too much nitrogen can cause lush, leafy vines but a poor crop in the form of small and stunted tubers.
Sweet potatoes will grow in poor soils, but if grown in heavy clay soils or sandy soils they might become deformed or stringy.
Sweet Potato Propagation
Even though the sweet potato is not related to actual potatoes in the Nightshade family, it is usually classed with them for growing and companion planting purposes.
The main difference in starting these two plants is that while potatoes are started from the eye of a seed potato, sweet potatoes are started from a slip or a small plant with roots. Both plants, though, share similar pests in the form of diseases and bugs, and also benefit from similar companion plants.
I’ve used sweet potato slips to cover my permaculture coconut circle. Wherever the sweet potato vine touches the ground, it produces roots. You can simply dig up these roots (which often have a small sweet potato attached) and re-plant it elsewhere.
Sweet potatoes are a great cover crop. They grow incredibly fast when they’re happy!
Good Sweet Potato Companion Plants
Companion planting is a good way to help ward off diseases and pests. It’s a natural way to avoid using harmful chemicals.
Benefits of companion planting include:
- Encourage healthy plant growth
- Ward off diseases and pests
- Improve and increase the flavor of the edible parts of the plant
- Maximize garden space
This last benefit comes in handy whether you have a large garden or a small one, as it allows you to grow more food for your family or make some space for flowers to liven up your house.
Just as there are certain plants that make great companion plants and will provide all these benefits, there are certain plants that make poor neighbors. If planted next to each other, they can have the opposite effect on each other – none of the benefits you would otherwise get from good companions.
Let’s take a look at some good companion plants for sweet potatoes, as well as some plants to avoid putting with sweet potatoes.
Even though they are not related, potatoes and sweet potatoes can be companion planted with some of the same plants and get the same benefits.
Herb Companion Plants for Sweet Potatoes
Starting with the herbs, some herbs that are beneficial companion plants for sweet potatoes are:
- Summer savory (Eden Brothers Seeds – free shipping over $79)
- Oregano (Eden Brothers)
- Dill (Eden Brothers)
- Thyme (Eden Brothers)
Each of these herbs is good at deterring certain pests such as flea beetles, aphids, spider mites, and sweet potato weevil.
Oregano is also a good ground cover for sweet potatoes as they grow, and can also be mulch for them as well.
Vegetable Companion Plants for Sweet Potatoes
Some good vegetables to grow with sweet potatoes are beans such as pole beans and bush beans.
These plants are good for sweet potatoes because they fix nitrogen in the soil. These companion plants will replace any nitrogen the sweet potatoes remove from the soil as they grow and mature.
Many root vegetables are good companion plants for sweet potatoes. These include:
Flowering Companion Plants for Sweet Potato
Some good flowers to companion plant with sweet potatoes are:
- Marigold. Marigolds repel nematodes, which are pests that get into the roots of plants and destroy them. Marigold seeds at Eden Brothers.
- Nasturtium. Nasturtium repels pests such as the Colorado Potato Beetle.
- Sweet Alyssum. Sweet alyssum attracts pollinators such as wasps.
Bad Companion Plants for Sweet Potatoes
Now that we’ve looked at some good companion plants for sweet potatoes, let’s look at some plants that definitely do not make good companion plants for sweet potatoes.
The main plant that should not be planted with sweet potatoes is squash.
Here are plants that should NOT be companion planted with sweet potatoes:
- Squash. Squash is a bad companion for sweet potatoes and regular potatoes because they compete for space and will not grow to their full potential.
- The same goes for any other plant that grows low to the ground, such as gourds and pumpkins. These will inhibit each other’s growth and compete for space.
- Another plant that should not be planted with potatoes that will also cause problems with sweet potatoes is the tomato. Tomatoes and potatoes planted near each other increase the chances of both plants contracting diseases that harm both plants.
- Sunflowers. Sunflowers, when planted near potatoes, increase the chance of potatoes contracting a fatal disease called potato blight. This is the same disease that affected potatoes and caused the Irish famine of the 1840s.
Sweet potatoes are a great addition to any garden and are a good, dense source of nutrients to add to your diet.
Since they are native to Central and South America, they prefer warm weather and good soils, although they can be grown in cooler environments if they are started inside.
Even though they are not related to potatoes, sweet potatoes can be grown with some of the same companion plants since they are prone to some of the same diseases. Companion planting can help ward off pests and diseases, as well as help plants make more flavorful fruits and grow more lushly.
On the other hand, bad companions can cause atrophy and poor growth as well as possibly attract more diseases and pests to plants. Companion planting also helps create more space in your garden.
Companion planting is a great way of growing with nature! Are you adapting companion growing principles in your garden? Let us know!