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Why Are My Onion Seedlings Falling Over? 8 Reasons Your Onion Plant Is Droopy!

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We love growing onions! However, one annoying problem is that their leaves are flimsy and top-heavy compared to other beginner-friendly crops like cucumbers or kale

Luckily, we know a few nifty gardening hacks to stop droopy onion plants from falling over.

The first step is to figure out why your onion seedlings get floppy in the first place. Several factors, including lack of support, overwatering, underwatering, or poor soil conditions, can cause onion seedlings to fall over.

Troubleshooting onion seedlings growing in a small garden bed.

To fix these issues:

  1. Ensure your onion seedling gets ample sunlight.
  2. Provide support by tying the seedlings to a stake or using a trellis.
  3. Ensure you don’t overwater or underwater, but keep the soil moist.
  4. Add nutrient-rich organic matter, like compost, to boost nutrients to fix poor soil conditions.

There are a few other reasons your onion plant might fall sideways. We’ve seen it happen more than once for more than one reason! We also have a ton of experience growing onions and can show you how to grow thick, healthy, robust onions that can stand erect.

Sound good?

Why Do My Onion Plants Keep Falling Over?

Here are the eight top reasons your onion plants might fall over or appear wimpy, flimsy, or leggy.

1. Not Enough Sun

Organic onion seedlings growing in a small container on a sunny windowsill.

Sun-deprived onion plants almost always appear spindly and weak and readily topple over in this state. Onions require ample sun exposure, particularly in their early growth stages. When they don’t receive enough sunlight, they can become weak and leggy, causing them to tip over.

Choose a growing site with at least six hours of direct sun daily to ensure that onion seedlings receive enough sunlight. Don’t plant onions in shaded areas or under larger plants that can cast shade over them. If you’re companion planting, time it correctly to avoid larger plants growing and shading the onions.

If you’re growing onions indoors, place them along a south-facing window. You can supplement sunlight with grow lights that provide at least 12 hours of daily light. As the seedlings grow, adjust the lights to keep them no more than six inches from the leaves.

Read More – Plum Vs. Roma Tomatoes: Nutrition, Taste, And Homemade Recipes!

2. Hot Weather

Onion seedlings growing in a small organic garden.

Hot weather can also impair your onion seedlings, causing them to fall over. The heat can dry out the soil, leaving the seedlings with insufficient moisture and unable to stand up. However, there are a few methods to ensure your onion seedlings won’t suffer from hot weather.

One solution is to provide shade for the seedlings when the weather is hot and sunny. You can use cloth or a blanket to block out the sun and prevent the onions from getting too hot. Placing a piece of cardboard or wood over them if they grow in the ground is also an excellent temporary solution, as it can help regulate the temperature and keep the soil moist.

If you grow onion seedlings indoors, lowering the room temperature is wise if they’re drooping. Onion seedlings generally prefer cool temperatures. Around 65 to 70 degrees Fahrenheit works perfectly. So, if your room is too hot, consider moving the plants to a chillier spot or using a fan to reduce the temperature.

3. Top-Heavy Leaves

Many large and drooping onion plants growing in a field.

Another infamous issue for onion seedlings falling over is that they may have long, heavy leaves, which might cause your onion plant to become top-heavy and unstable.

The toppling of onion leaves often happens when the onion plant is mature, and the bulbs are ripe and ready to harvest. But, if you notice the onion’s top-heavy leaves topple long before they are ready, it warrants further attention.

One solution to this problem is to trim the plant by cutting off the top portion of the leaves. Trimming the top portion of the leaves will help balance the plant and reduce its weight on the top.

Trimming onion plants:

  1. Timing: Prune onions in late winter or early spring before the plant begins to form bulbs.
  2. Flower Stalks: Cut off any flower stalks emerging from the center of the onion as soon as you see them. Cutting onion flower stalks prevents energy diversion from bulb growth.
  3. Foliage: Trim away dead or diseased foliage to keep the plants healthy.
  4. Watering: Always water the onions generously after pruning.
  5. Mulching: Place a layer of mulch around the onions to retain moisture and suppress weeds.

Some of our friends swear that trimming onion leaves produces gigantic, heavier bulbs. But we don’t think that’s true! We still do it anyway, as it helps keep the plant robust.

Read More – How To Plant A Sprouted Potato In 6 Steps | From Germination To Harvest

4. Planting Transplants Too Deep Or Too Close Together

Onion plant growing with the underground roots visible.

Another common mistake when planting onion transplants is burying them too deep in the soil, which prevents them from growing properly. To avoid this, plant the transplants about one inch deep. Plant them deep enough to keep them standing straight, but bury them only partially!

Another mistake is planting the transplants too close together. It’s important to space them out four to five inches apart to allow them enough room to grow larger bulbs. Planting them closer than this will result in smaller, crowded bulbs.

Are you growing your onions indoors? If you suspect overcrowding is an issue, transplanting the onion seedlings into a larger pot can help by giving the roots more space to grow and absorb nutrients. Doing so can also help reduce resource competition between plants in the same pot or tray.

5. Not Feeding The Onions Enough

Yummy organic onions harvested from the backyard garden.

Not feeding onions with enough high-nitrogen fertilizer or organic options like organic compostchicken manure, and corn gluten meal can result in stunted growth and smaller bulbs. Onions require adequate nitrogen for good leaf growth, which feeds the bulbs during the bulbing process.

6. Over Or Under Watering

Many organic onions growing on a small vegetable plantation.

Overwatering and underwatering can harm your onion plants. Overwatering can cause onion seedlings to turn yellow and fall over. So, don’t soak them. Overwatering can also lead to root rot, fungal diseases, and poor growth. Underwatering your onions leads to stunted leaves and dismally small onions.

Therefore, it’s best to water only when the potting mix or garden soil feels dry to the touch and not wait too long between watering sessions. Red onions require at least one inch of water weekly, but the frequency may vary depending on the soil type and weather conditions.

To check soil moisture:

  1. Use a trowel to dig a small hole around the onion plant’s base and feel the soil.
  2. If it feels moist, hold off on watering until the soil has dried out.
  3. Stop watering if onion leaves start to fall over, as this is a sign that the plant has had too much water.

Remember that yellow onion leaves are a warning sign that your onion plant is getting too much water. If your onion plant is yellow and lying down, it’s almost certainly an overwatering issue.

Read More – How To Make Money Gardening – 12 Ways To Profit As A Small Backyard Farmer!

7. Fierce Competition

Onion bulbs growing in the thick nutrient rich garden soil.

When planting onions, keeping the area weed-free in the early stages of growth is vital. Weeds can compete with onions for nutrients and water, stunting their development or even causing them to die.

That’s why weeding is crucial when growing onions. A weedy onion garden can lead to smaller yields or even no harvest. Regular weeding is necessary to ensure the onions have adequate access to nutrients and water to grow healthy and strong.

Weeding should be done often and thoroughly, especially in the early stages of the onion’s life cycle. Spending five minutes pulling weeds manually (we never use chemical weed killer!) ensures that weeds do not have a chance to take root and begin to compete with the onions for resources.

8. Bolting

Bolting onion plants growing in the backyard garden.

Bolting is a common issue affecting onion plants. It occurs when the plants form a center or flower stalk and produce seeds instead of growing larger bulbs. Bolting typically occurs when onion plants experience stress or unfavorable conditions, such as frigid temperatures or inadequate light.

When an onion plant bolts, it redirects its resources away from bulb development. As a result, the plant can lose its ability to stand up straight due to the energy diverted toward flowering.

If you notice your onion plants bolting, the best solution is to harvest them immediately. Harvesting your onions ensures they do not become woody or bitter, which happens when they are left to grow for too long. To harvest your onions, gently lift them from the soil and allow them to dry in a warm, airy place with good ventilation for about a week or two.

Several preventive measures can prevent bolting in onion plants. One is to mulch around your onion plants, which helps regulate garden soil temperature and moisture. Additionally, providing adequate water during hot summer days can minimize the stress contributing to bolting. It is also advisable to plant onion varieties that are well-suited to your growing conditions.

Why are my onion plants falling over and droopy.

Read More – Drip Irrigation For Vegetable Gardens – The Ultimate Way To Grow Incredible Crops!

Conclusion

Thanks for reading our drooping onion plant guide!

We grow onions every year in our raised garden beds. Even though we have tons of experience, they topple over now and then! Whenever the onion plants fall, it’s almost always due to one (or several) of the eight reasons we listed here.

What about you?

  • Are you growing onions this year?
  • Which onion cultivar is your favorite?
  • Are your onions wilted, droopy, or toppling over?
  • Do you agree that overwatered onion plants are more likely to fall over?
  • Do you have any other onion-growing tips we should have mentioned?

We spend nearly all day gardening during spring and summer. And we love hearing from like-minded gardening geeks!

We hope to hear about your onion-growing adventures.

Thanks again for reading.

And happy gardening!

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