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Cordyceps Sinensis and Cordyceps Militaris: Fungi With Major Health Benefits

Cordyceps sinensis and Cordyceps militaris are fungi and also tremendously popular supplements. They share many benefits, with the big difference between them being cost and availability. This article takes a look at what they offer.

Cordyceps refers to a family of over 400 fungi. Cordyceps sinensis is a part of that family. Cordyceps sinensis also has a reputation that spans traditional Chinese medicine for hundreds of years.

More recently, a related fungus called Cordyceps militaris has gained popularity (due to marketing) as a cheaper alternative. The two have some differences but share many of their benefits.

Let’s look closer at these fungi – including how they’re alike – and how they differ.

Cordyceps Sinensis and Militaris

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Cordyceps Sinensis

The Cordyceps sinensis fungus grows wild in Tibetan and Bhutanese meadows. In those locations, it reproduces by infecting ghost moth caterpillars.

It is a parasitic fungus that feeds on the caterpillar’s living tissue. Eventually, the fungus kills and mummifies the host entirely. The fungus’s club-shaped fruiting body grows from the caterpillar’s head.

The fruiting body contains infectious spores that help to infect other larvae. It usually emerges from under the soil – after the winter.

The fruiting body is also the visible part of the fungus that you might see growing out of the ground. It is the part used by consumers.

(PS: Here’s is the best reference I’ve found for the Cordyceps lifecycle. It seems that the Cordyceps infect the host during the winter or late fall when they are larvae. And then – the infection gets more progressive. It eventually kills the host – and grows a massive fruiting body! Creepy!)

Cordyceps Militaris

Cordyceps sinensis is not only difficult to find in the wild, but it has so far been impossible to cultivate despite the best efforts from scientists.

Cordyceps sinensis can’t be grown in a lab, but its relative Cordyceps militaris can be. It can be grown on barley instead of on the corpses of a specific kind of caterpillar.

Although it is a different fungus, many believe Cordyceps militaris to have many of the same benefits.

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Adenosine vs. Cordycepin

cordyceps running wild
Cordyceps are parasitic fungi. After infecting its caterpillar larvae host, Cordyceps erects a long stem – that comes from the head of their mummified host. Gnarly!

Cordycepin is similar to Adenosine. In fact – Cordycepin (scientific name 3′-deoxyadenosine) derives from adenosine. Adenosine is a nucleoside. 

Cordycepin comes from Cordyceps militaris extraction and is sometimes synthetically produced. Cordyceps sinensis and Cordyceps militaris have some noteworthy differences – especially regarding the chemicals that make them up!

However, they also share many of the same benefits.

Attack of The Killer Fungus!

This article published on the DePaul University blog talks about how Cordyceps resemble creepy body snatchers! – Because they attack their unsuspecting hosts. (Caterpillars.)

And then, once successfully infecting their host – Cordyceps grow stems. Yikes!

The good news is that Cordyceps may replicate how insulin acts – thereby regulating blood sugar. There are (potentially) a few other beneficial side effects, too!

Potential Health Benefits

We don’t believe the benefits of Cordyceps are 100% proven by hard science.

We also advise all readers to consult a medical professional or a trusted family doctor before trying any new substance!

Nevertheless, Cordyceps has an undeniable reputation as a beneficial supplement – and we also wish to share some of our research below.

(Much of the data is encouraging!)

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Counter Signs of Aging

Cordyceps may potentially increase energy and lessen exhaustion. Research conducted on senior citizens showed that the fungus reduced fatigue and improved exercise capacity.

In a study from the School of Pharmaceutical Sciences from Beijing on aged and castrated rats, Cordyceps seemed to reduce signs of aging and improve brain function and virility.

I found another study here that indicates how Cordyceps helps fruit flies live longer. I’m not sure if it is ever good that fruit flies live longer. However, the results are still interesting.

Balance Blood Sugar

Cordyceps may help to regulate insulin, which means that it can potentially balance blood sugar. Cordyceps may be helpful for people with diabetes.

Cordyceps may mimic the effects of insulin, which is how it can moderate blood sugar levels.

Boost Kidney Health

Cordyceps may potentially boost kidney health – however, the results aren’t conclusive.

Here’s what I mean.

One study we found indicated that Cordyceps could potentially alleviate complications arising in people suffering from chronic kidney disease.

However, the Cordyceps chronic kidney disease study referenced was marred with inconclusive data, unfortunately. 

Despite the study’s shortcomings, the author seems convinced that Cordyceps can play a positive role in minimizing the complications of chronic kidney disease.

The jury is still out in the case of the potential benefits of Cordyceps on chronic kidney disease (CKD). But – the data is interesting to consider.

Anti-Inflammation Benefits

Cordyceps sinensis and militaris may also have anti-inflammatory effects.

While I can’t find any reliable studies that prove an anti-inflammatory impact on humans, here are a few mice studies of note.

Here’s a Cordyceps study that documents the alleviated symptoms of mice suffering from airway inflammation and asthma.

The most promising example, perhaps, is of this Cordyceps anti-inflammation study that indicates potential use as an anti-inflammatory supplement.

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Are Cordyceps Sinensis and Cordyceps Militaris Safe to Use?

synthetic cordyceps militaris
The heavy demand for Cordyceps results in the mass production of Cordyceps Militaris. Naturally-occurring Cordyceps are often tremendously (insanely) expensive!

You should always consult with your doctor before you begin any new remedy or supplement. 

Better safe than sorry!

But, I also want to leave you with some comforting news.

Many of the studies on Cordyceps sinensis and militaris focus on how they affect mice and rats, which may make some people skeptical regarding their efficacy for humans.

However, Cordyceps also has a rich history in traditional Chinese medicine dating back centuries.

Also – while the number of human studies is limited, the little I’ve found show promising results.

For people dealing with chronic fatigue and other effects of aging, adding Cordyceps to their stack of supplements may help in a variety of ways.

When in doubt, ask a trusted doctor.

Ask if they’ve researched the potential benefits of Cordyceps sinensis and Cordyceps militaris and if they can play a role in your life.

We wish you the best – and thank you for reading!

Please have a great day!

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